Somaliland: Sources of Campaign Financing

Looking in to the case of Somaliland, one realizes that there is much that needed to be done. In contemporary Somaliland political history, political financing is both necessity and a problem. There are no strong laws and regulations regarding the party and political financing in Somaliland. It is obvious that some of the political parties are owned by certain clans. The patriotic or ideological values among the parties have limited value within the party. Now, Somaliland democratization process is in a crossroad, which need re-evaluation, about what is wrong and the weaknesses of the democratic process which is 16 years old.

CPA has interviewed 30 individuals, whom 21 of them were from the three political parties in Somaliland, namely KULMIYE, UCID and WADANI. Seven (7) key informants were selected from each party, including senior party members, some of the presidential candidates and other individuals who were responsible for party finance units. Moreover, 9 other individuals from civil society and the international organizations were also interviewed; those individuals were independent from the political parties.

These individuals have been selected due to their extensive knowledge on the subject matter. All interviews were carried out anonymously to protect the privacy of the individuals and to let them express their ideas openly. The research was started on February 2018

Read the Full Report: SOURCES OF CAMPAIGN FINANCE REPORT


WARBIXIN: Lacagihii ku Baxay Ololaha Doorashadii Madaxtinimada ee Somaliland

Intii lagu guda-jiray doorashadii madaxtinimada ee Somaliland ka qabsoontay November 13, 2017, waxaa muuqanayey lacago xad-dhaaf ah oo lagu isticmaalayo ololaha doorashada, sidoo kalena Xisbiyada ka qayb-gelayey doorashada ayaa isku eedaynayey inay jiraan lacago ka soo galay Somaliland wadamo debedda ah. Xarunta Daraasaadka Siyaasiga ah ee CPA waxay ka mid ahayd hay’adaha sida dhow ula socday ololaha doorashada, waxaana xilligaas xarunta CPA ay samaynaysay warbixino toddobaadle ah (Monitoring Reports) oo lagu soo bandhigayey hadba dhacdooyinka doorashada la xidhiidha.

Ka dib doorashadii madaxtinimadu markii ay dhacday, waxaa isla markiiba ay xarunta CPA bilawday daraasad ku saabsan, Lacagaha ku baxay doorashada, Meelaha Xisbiyadu lacagaha ka helaan, Meelaha ugu badan ee Xisbiyadu ay lacagaha ku bixiyaan, Hannaanka Maaliyadda ee Xisbiyada iyo sababaha keena in awoodda xisbiyadu ay ku soo ururaan hal koox.

Warbixinta oo Dhamaystiran halkan ka akhriso: LACAGIHII KU BAXAY DOORASHADII MADAXTINIMADA


CPA waxay ka dalbatay SONSAF inay hoos u eegto Cabashada Difaacaha Xuquuqda Aadanaha

Halkan ka akhriso war saxaafadeedka oo dhamaystiran: War Saxaafadeedka Difaacaha Xuquuqda Aadanah

Xarunta Daraasaadka Siyaasaddu (Centre for Policy Analysis) waxaay ka codsanaysaa daladda SONSAF inay kala cadaysomawqifkeeda ku saabsan amniga iyo shaqada difaacayaashaxuquuqal insaanka Somaliland. Markaanu aragnay cabashoqoraal ah oo uu soo gudbiyay difaace xuquuqal insaan, islamarkaana aanu lafo-gurnay qoraalka cabashadu ku saabsantahay, waxaanu si wayn uga walaacsanahay qoraal aan la aqbalikarin oo khatar ah oo uu qoray sarkaal sare oo ka tirsanSONSAF oo si furan ugu weeraray baraha bulshadadifaacayasha xuquuqal insaanka, sidoo kalena sameeyeysheegashooyin khatar gelinaya noloshooda. Sheegashooyinkuwaxaay sidoo kale waxyeelo u gaysanayaan xuquuqal insaankalaftiisa. Waxaanu ognahay inaanay ahayn markii u horaysay eesarkaalkaasi uu sidan oo kale u majo xaabiyo xuquuqal insaankaisaga oo sheeganaya inuu metelo SONSAF.

Xaruntu iyada oo aqoonsan in difaacayaasha xuquuqal insaankuay si naf hurid ah ugu hawlan yihiin hawl adag, waxa aan ahaynwax la aqbali karo in sarkaal sare oo ka tirsan SONSAF uu horkaco weerar ka dhan ah karaamadooda.

Shaki kuma jiro in ururada xuquuqal insaanka ee Somaliland ay qabtaan hawlo waafaqsan Diinta Islaamka. Cidii ku dooda sitaas ka duwanina way qaldan tahay. Xuquuqal insaaku wuxuuku qoran yahay Dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo kusallaysan diinta karaamada leh ee Islaamka sida ku cad qodobka5aad ee Dastuurka Somaliland.

Waxaanu u soo jeedinaynaa SONSAF inay iska fogayso hadalkauu jeediyay sarkaalkaas ka tirsan, ayna ka qaado talaabo kuhaboon islamarkaana ay raali gelin siiso difaacayaasha xuquuqalinsaanka iyada oo iska ilaalinaysa inay qayb ka noqoto weerkhatar ah oo lagu qaado difaacayaasha xuquuqal insaanka iyomabaadida xuquuqal insaanka ee dastuurka ku qoran.

Ugu danbayntii, Xaruntu waxaay ku amaanaysaa difaacayaashaxuquuqal insaanka ee jooga gobolada kala duwan ee dalkashaqada muhiimka ah ee ay hayaan, waxayna kudhiirigelinaysaa inay sii wadaan.

Warbixin Dheeraad ah, nagala soo xidhiidhcpa.hornofafrica@gmail.com

Address

Address: Red Sea village, I/K district, Hargeisa, Somaliland.

Email:Contact@centerforpolicy.net.

Web: www.centerforpolicy.net


Press Statement: SONSAF Must Give Special Attention to the Concerns of the Human Right Defender

Centre for Policy Analysis (CPA) demands Somaliland Non-State Actors Forum (SONSAF) to clarify its position towards the safety and work of the human rights defenders of Somaliland. Having considered a written complaint submitted by a human rights defender, and after analyzing the comments he complained about, we are deeply concerned about the unacceptable and dangerous statements publicly made by a senior staff of SONSAF who openly attacked through the social media the human rights defenders and made allegations that can put their lives at risk. The allegations also harshly tarnished the concept of human rights itself. We acknowledge that this is not the first time the officer in question made in a public place a similar statement that undermines the human rights while claiming representation of SONSAF.

Recognized that the human rights defenders are already working in a tough environment in a selfless manner, it is unacceptable a senior staff of SONSAF to lead a smearing campaign against them.

It is beyond doubt that the work of human rights organizations in Somaliland is not any way contrary to the sacred religion of Islam. Any claim to the contrary to smear the human rights is wrong and perilous. Human rights are enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of Somaliland which is based on the religion of Islam as stipulated in article five of the Constitution.

We urge SONSAF to distance itself from that statement, take an appropriate action against the senior staff in question and make a public apology to the human rights defenders and refrain such unacceptable and dangerous attacks to the human rights defenders and to the human rights principles.

Lastly, CPA commends the work of the human rights defenders in Somaliland and urges them to continue their efforts.

CPA

For More information please contact with us at cpa.hornofafrica@gmail.com.

Please read the Full Press Release here: Press Statement


WARBIXIN: DURUUFAHA HORYAALLA XUKUUMADDA KULMIYE

Dadka Somaliland markii ay ansixiyeen dastuur sanadkii 2001 waxa ka danbeeyey doorashooyin dhowr ah oo heerar keedu kala jaad ahaayeen. Doorashadii u horaysay ee madaxwayne waxaay dhacday 2003 waxaana doorasho lagu murmay ku guulaystay madaxwaynihii markaas xilka hayay Daahir Rayaale Kaahin oo todobo sanadood kadib, 2010, uu ka guulaystay Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud Siinaalyo oo ahaa hogaamiyihii codka aadka u yar lagaga helay 2003 dii. Doorashadii sadexaad ee madaxtooyo waxaay dhacday 13 November 2017. Guul loogu dhawaaqay Muuse Biixi Cabdi, murashixii xisbiga Kulmiye ee talada haya waxa diiday xisbiga mucaaradka ah ee Waddani oo ku tilmaamay mid la boobay, inkasta oo uu ugu danbayntii aqbalay natiijada. Goob joogayaasha caalamiga ahi way amaaneen hanaanka doorashadu u dhacday.

Warbixinta oo dhamaystiran: Duruufaha horyaalla Xukuumadda Kulmiye

Madaxwaynaha loo doortay markuu qabto xilka waxa horyaalo arimo badan. Xarunta Daraasaadka Siyaasaddu waxaay qoraalkan si guud ugu soo koobtay dhawr arimood oo ay tahay in xukuumaddu maaro waarta u hesho. Arimahaas oo ah kuwo dhaqaale, dhaqan, siyaaad, amni iyo bulsho. Madaxwaynuhu wuxuu ku fadhiisanayaa kursiga ugu sareeya dalka isaga oo soo maray oolole doorasho oo dad badani u arkayeen inuu ahaa mid kala qaybin badan, xag xagasho wayn oo dadka u kala guray haybo.

Xarunta Daraasaaska Siyaasaddu waxaay falaqaysaa arimaha ka jira Geeska Afrika guud ahaan, gaar ahaan Somaliland. Ujeedadu qoraalkani waa inuu siiyo madaxwaynaha iyo xukuumadiisa talooyin iyo in tooshka lagu ifiyo meelaha daruuriga ah ee ay tahay inay ka war hayaan.

XIISADAHA SIYAASADEED EE HORYAALLA MADAXWEYNAHA:

Gudaha:

Waxaa jiraa xiisado siyaasadeed iyo kala qaybsan bulsho oo ka dhashay ololihii doorashada, hoggaamiyayaashii ku tartamayey kursiga madaxtinimada bulshadu waxay isticmaalayeen weedho xanaf leh oo salka ku haya qabiil, taageerayaasha xisbiyada iyo masuuliyiinta qaarkoodna waxay soo gaadheen in REER hebel aanu xaq u lahayn inuu reer hebel xukumo, waxay soo qaarkood bulshada dib u soo xasuusiyeen weedho xanafleh iyo dagaalo sokeeye oo hore looga heshiiyey, masuuliyiin kalena waxay bulshada qaarkeed ku eedaysay inay u dhega-nugul yihiin aragtida Somaliweyn, taas oo lafteedu salka ku haysay duruufo laga soo gudbay.[1]

Haddaba bulshadii ereyadaas loo sheegay, ee laga guulaystay, weli iyaga oo ciil qaba ayay joogaan, waxaa sidoo kale jira in taageerayaasha Xisbiga Waddani ay u arkaan sida ay warbaahinta ka sheegayaan, inay ku dulman yihiin nidaamka dawliga ah, ka soo bilaw xukuumadda Hargeisa fadhida ama maamulka ka jira gobollada ay ku nool yihiin.

Haddaba duruufta noocaas ahi waxay u baahan tahay in degdeg wax looga qabto, haddii la iska dhega-tiro, waxaa dhici karta in dhinacyo kale ka faa’iidaysan karaan, sida Siyaasi kursi waayey, Caaqil shaqadiisii meesha ka baxday iyo gacmo shisheeye.

Halista ugu weyn ee sii hurinaysa xaaladdan ayaa ka imanaysa qurbe joogtii qaadhaanka ugu badan ku taageertay Mucaaradka, iyaga oo aan weli ku qancin habkii doorashadu u dhacday, sidaas awgeed xukuumadda waxaa horyaalla inay la timaaddo qorshe ay ku waajahayso arrintan oo ku qancinayso dadka tabashada qaba, maaha inay kuraas u qaybiso oo keliya, hase ahaatee inay ugu yaraan la fadhiisato.

ARRIMAHA AMNIGA:

Ajnebiga dalka ku soo badanaya:

Dhawaan laamaha ammaanka ee dalku waxay gacanta ku dhigeen sida lagu baahiyey warbaahin kala duwan, dad ajnebi ah oo Somaliland dhexdeeda ku faafinayey lacago dollar ah oo been abuur ahaa, sidoo kale waxaa jira Yemeni badan oo dalkeena u soo qaxday, badankoodu waa dad jilicsan oo nabad iyo nolol raadinaya hase ahaatee waxaa ku jiri kara dad aragtiyo kale wata, ama kuwo dalka ka geysan kara dembiyo kala duwan oo halis ku ah ammaanka guud ee dalka, haddaba waxaa muuqata in haatan loo baahan yahay abuurista WAAX SI GAAR AH ULA SOCOTA DADKA AJNEBIGA AH EE DALKA KU SUGAN, taasi waxay sahlaysaa in dadka nolol raadiska ah ama dadka dalkan u soo shaqo tegey inaanay waxyeello gaadhsiin amnigeena guud.

CAQABADAHA ARRIMAHA DEBEDDA:

Mowqifka siyaasadda arrimaha debedda ee Somaliland, wuxuu wakhti dheer ahaa mid ku salaysan, in Somaliland ay aqoonsigeeda ka raadsato beesha caalamka, isla markaana ay wadahadal la furi karto Soomaaliya oo keliya marka ay samaystaan dawlad metesha dadka ku nool gobollada kala duwan ee Somalia. Hase ahaatee aragtidaas waxaa wax ka bedelay, xukuumaddii Kulmiye markii ay kursiga ku guulaysatay sannadkii 2010; waxay qaateen jid cusub oo arrimaha debedda ah, waxay wadahadal la fureen dawladdii ku meel gaadhka ahayd ee Somalia sannadkii 2012, hase ahaatee arrintaasi may noqon mid midho dhasha, ama laga gaadho hadafkii loo bilaabay.

Wadahadalada waxaa inta badan majaraha u hayey dalka Turkiga, oo dano iyo masaalix badan ka leh Somalia, Turkigu wuxuu magaalada Muqdisho ku bixiyey maalgelin toos ah oo ka badan $1 Bilyan oo Dollar, wuxuu u dhisay garoon diyaaradeed, dib u habaynta iyo qalabaynta dekedda Muqdisho, Cusbitaallo, iskuullo, saldhig milateri, ciidamo kala duwan oo uu u tababaray, waddooyin uu u dhisay iwm. Taas bedelkeeda ma jirto wax uu u qabtay Somaliland, intaas waxaa dheer Turkigu wuxuu si cad u sheegay inuu taageersan yahay midnimda iyo isku haynta Soomaaliya wixii la isku odhan jiray, taasina ay tahay siyaasaddooda ku wajahan Soomaalida, haddana waa dalka gacanta ku haya wadahadalada u dhexeeya Somaliland iyo Somalia. Haddaba su’aasha ugu weyn ee hortaalla xukuumadda Muuse Biixi ayaa ah, go’aanka ay ka qaataan dalka Turkiga.

Warbixinta oo dhamaystiran: Duruufaha horyaalla Xukuumadda Kulmiye