Halkan ka akhriso war saxaafadeedka oo dhamaystiran: War Saxaafadeedka Difaacaha Xuquuqda Aadanah

Xarunta Daraasaadka Siyaasaddu (Centre for Policy Analysis) waxaay ka codsanaysaa daladda SONSAF inay kala cadaysomawqifkeeda ku saabsan amniga iyo shaqada difaacayaashaxuquuqal insaanka Somaliland. Markaanu aragnay cabashoqoraal ah oo uu soo gudbiyay difaace xuquuqal insaan, islamarkaana aanu lafo-gurnay qoraalka cabashadu ku saabsantahay, waxaanu si wayn uga walaacsanahay qoraal aan la aqbalikarin oo khatar ah oo uu qoray sarkaal sare oo ka tirsanSONSAF oo si furan ugu weeraray baraha bulshadadifaacayasha xuquuqal insaanka, sidoo kalena sameeyeysheegashooyin khatar gelinaya noloshooda. Sheegashooyinkuwaxaay sidoo kale waxyeelo u gaysanayaan xuquuqal insaankalaftiisa. Waxaanu ognahay inaanay ahayn markii u horaysay eesarkaalkaasi uu sidan oo kale u majo xaabiyo xuquuqal insaankaisaga oo sheeganaya inuu metelo SONSAF.

Xaruntu iyada oo aqoonsan in difaacayaasha xuquuqal insaankuay si naf hurid ah ugu hawlan yihiin hawl adag, waxa aan ahaynwax la aqbali karo in sarkaal sare oo ka tirsan SONSAF uu horkaco weerar ka dhan ah karaamadooda.

Shaki kuma jiro in ururada xuquuqal insaanka ee Somaliland ay qabtaan hawlo waafaqsan Diinta Islaamka. Cidii ku dooda sitaas ka duwanina way qaldan tahay. Xuquuqal insaaku wuxuuku qoran yahay Dastuurka Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland oo kusallaysan diinta karaamada leh ee Islaamka sida ku cad qodobka5aad ee Dastuurka Somaliland.

Waxaanu u soo jeedinaynaa SONSAF inay iska fogayso hadalkauu jeediyay sarkaalkaas ka tirsan, ayna ka qaado talaabo kuhaboon islamarkaana ay raali gelin siiso difaacayaasha xuquuqalinsaanka iyada oo iska ilaalinaysa inay qayb ka noqoto weerkhatar ah oo lagu qaado difaacayaasha xuquuqal insaanka iyomabaadida xuquuqal insaanka ee dastuurka ku qoran.

Ugu danbayntii, Xaruntu waxaay ku amaanaysaa difaacayaashaxuquuqal insaanka ee jooga gobolada kala duwan ee dalkashaqada muhiimka ah ee ay hayaan, waxayna kudhiirigelinaysaa inay sii wadaan.

Warbixin Dheeraad ah, nagala soo xidhiidhcpa.hornofafrica@gmail.com

Address

Address: Red Sea village, I/K district, Hargeisa, Somaliland.

Email:Contact@centerforpolicy.net.

Web: www.centerforpolicy.net

Centre for Policy Analysis (CPA) demands Somaliland Non-State Actors Forum (SONSAF) to clarify its position towards the safety and work of the human rights defenders of Somaliland. Having considered a written complaint submitted by a human rights defender, and after analyzing the comments he complained about, we are deeply concerned about the unacceptable and dangerous statements publicly made by a senior staff of SONSAF who openly attacked through the social media the human rights defenders and made allegations that can put their lives at risk. The allegations also harshly tarnished the concept of human rights itself. We acknowledge that this is not the first time the officer in question made in a public place a similar statement that undermines the human rights while claiming representation of SONSAF.

Recognized that the human rights defenders are already working in a tough environment in a selfless manner, it is unacceptable a senior staff of SONSAF to lead a smearing campaign against them.

It is beyond doubt that the work of human rights organizations in Somaliland is not any way contrary to the sacred religion of Islam. Any claim to the contrary to smear the human rights is wrong and perilous. Human rights are enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of Somaliland which is based on the religion of Islam as stipulated in article five of the Constitution.

We urge SONSAF to distance itself from that statement, take an appropriate action against the senior staff in question and make a public apology to the human rights defenders and refrain such unacceptable and dangerous attacks to the human rights defenders and to the human rights principles.

Lastly, CPA commends the work of the human rights defenders in Somaliland and urges them to continue their efforts.

CPA

For More information please contact with us at cpa.hornofafrica@gmail.com.

Please read the Full Press Release here: Press Statement

Dadka Somaliland markii ay ansixiyeen dastuur sanadkii 2001 waxa ka danbeeyey doorashooyin dhowr ah oo heerar keedu kala jaad ahaayeen. Doorashadii u horaysay ee madaxwayne waxaay dhacday 2003 waxaana doorasho lagu murmay ku guulaystay madaxwaynihii markaas xilka hayay Daahir Rayaale Kaahin oo todobo sanadood kadib, 2010, uu ka guulaystay Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud Siinaalyo oo ahaa hogaamiyihii codka aadka u yar lagaga helay 2003 dii. Doorashadii sadexaad ee madaxtooyo waxaay dhacday 13 November 2017. Guul loogu dhawaaqay Muuse Biixi Cabdi, murashixii xisbiga Kulmiye ee talada haya waxa diiday xisbiga mucaaradka ah ee Waddani oo ku tilmaamay mid la boobay, inkasta oo uu ugu danbayntii aqbalay natiijada. Goob joogayaasha caalamiga ahi way amaaneen hanaanka doorashadu u dhacday.

Warbixinta oo dhamaystiran: Duruufaha horyaalla Xukuumadda Kulmiye

Madaxwaynaha loo doortay markuu qabto xilka waxa horyaalo arimo badan. Xarunta Daraasaadka Siyaasaddu waxaay qoraalkan si guud ugu soo koobtay dhawr arimood oo ay tahay in xukuumaddu maaro waarta u hesho. Arimahaas oo ah kuwo dhaqaale, dhaqan, siyaaad, amni iyo bulsho. Madaxwaynuhu wuxuu ku fadhiisanayaa kursiga ugu sareeya dalka isaga oo soo maray oolole doorasho oo dad badani u arkayeen inuu ahaa mid kala qaybin badan, xag xagasho wayn oo dadka u kala guray haybo.

Xarunta Daraasaaska Siyaasaddu waxaay falaqaysaa arimaha ka jira Geeska Afrika guud ahaan, gaar ahaan Somaliland. Ujeedadu qoraalkani waa inuu siiyo madaxwaynaha iyo xukuumadiisa talooyin iyo in tooshka lagu ifiyo meelaha daruuriga ah ee ay tahay inay ka war hayaan.

XIISADAHA SIYAASADEED EE HORYAALLA MADAXWEYNAHA:

Gudaha:

Waxaa jiraa xiisado siyaasadeed iyo kala qaybsan bulsho oo ka dhashay ololihii doorashada, hoggaamiyayaashii ku tartamayey kursiga madaxtinimada bulshadu waxay isticmaalayeen weedho xanaf leh oo salka ku haya qabiil, taageerayaasha xisbiyada iyo masuuliyiinta qaarkoodna waxay soo gaadheen in REER hebel aanu xaq u lahayn inuu reer hebel xukumo, waxay soo qaarkood bulshada dib u soo xasuusiyeen weedho xanafleh iyo dagaalo sokeeye oo hore looga heshiiyey, masuuliyiin kalena waxay bulshada qaarkeed ku eedaysay inay u dhega-nugul yihiin aragtida Somaliweyn, taas oo lafteedu salka ku haysay duruufo laga soo gudbay.[1]

Haddaba bulshadii ereyadaas loo sheegay, ee laga guulaystay, weli iyaga oo ciil qaba ayay joogaan, waxaa sidoo kale jira in taageerayaasha Xisbiga Waddani ay u arkaan sida ay warbaahinta ka sheegayaan, inay ku dulman yihiin nidaamka dawliga ah, ka soo bilaw xukuumadda Hargeisa fadhida ama maamulka ka jira gobollada ay ku nool yihiin.

Haddaba duruufta noocaas ahi waxay u baahan tahay in degdeg wax looga qabto, haddii la iska dhega-tiro, waxaa dhici karta in dhinacyo kale ka faa’iidaysan karaan, sida Siyaasi kursi waayey, Caaqil shaqadiisii meesha ka baxday iyo gacmo shisheeye.

Halista ugu weyn ee sii hurinaysa xaaladdan ayaa ka imanaysa qurbe joogtii qaadhaanka ugu badan ku taageertay Mucaaradka, iyaga oo aan weli ku qancin habkii doorashadu u dhacday, sidaas awgeed xukuumadda waxaa horyaalla inay la timaaddo qorshe ay ku waajahayso arrintan oo ku qancinayso dadka tabashada qaba, maaha inay kuraas u qaybiso oo keliya, hase ahaatee inay ugu yaraan la fadhiisato.

ARRIMAHA AMNIGA:

Ajnebiga dalka ku soo badanaya:

Dhawaan laamaha ammaanka ee dalku waxay gacanta ku dhigeen sida lagu baahiyey warbaahin kala duwan, dad ajnebi ah oo Somaliland dhexdeeda ku faafinayey lacago dollar ah oo been abuur ahaa, sidoo kale waxaa jira Yemeni badan oo dalkeena u soo qaxday, badankoodu waa dad jilicsan oo nabad iyo nolol raadinaya hase ahaatee waxaa ku jiri kara dad aragtiyo kale wata, ama kuwo dalka ka geysan kara dembiyo kala duwan oo halis ku ah ammaanka guud ee dalka, haddaba waxaa muuqata in haatan loo baahan yahay abuurista WAAX SI GAAR AH ULA SOCOTA DADKA AJNEBIGA AH EE DALKA KU SUGAN, taasi waxay sahlaysaa in dadka nolol raadiska ah ama dadka dalkan u soo shaqo tegey inaanay waxyeello gaadhsiin amnigeena guud.

CAQABADAHA ARRIMAHA DEBEDDA:

Mowqifka siyaasadda arrimaha debedda ee Somaliland, wuxuu wakhti dheer ahaa mid ku salaysan, in Somaliland ay aqoonsigeeda ka raadsato beesha caalamka, isla markaana ay wadahadal la furi karto Soomaaliya oo keliya marka ay samaystaan dawlad metesha dadka ku nool gobollada kala duwan ee Somalia. Hase ahaatee aragtidaas waxaa wax ka bedelay, xukuumaddii Kulmiye markii ay kursiga ku guulaysatay sannadkii 2010; waxay qaateen jid cusub oo arrimaha debedda ah, waxay wadahadal la fureen dawladdii ku meel gaadhka ahayd ee Somalia sannadkii 2012, hase ahaatee arrintaasi may noqon mid midho dhasha, ama laga gaadho hadafkii loo bilaabay.

Wadahadalada waxaa inta badan majaraha u hayey dalka Turkiga, oo dano iyo masaalix badan ka leh Somalia, Turkigu wuxuu magaalada Muqdisho ku bixiyey maalgelin toos ah oo ka badan $1 Bilyan oo Dollar, wuxuu u dhisay garoon diyaaradeed, dib u habaynta iyo qalabaynta dekedda Muqdisho, Cusbitaallo, iskuullo, saldhig milateri, ciidamo kala duwan oo uu u tababaray, waddooyin uu u dhisay iwm. Taas bedelkeeda ma jirto wax uu u qabtay Somaliland, intaas waxaa dheer Turkigu wuxuu si cad u sheegay inuu taageersan yahay midnimda iyo isku haynta Soomaaliya wixii la isku odhan jiray, taasina ay tahay siyaasaddooda ku wajahan Soomaalida, haddana waa dalka gacanta ku haya wadahadalada u dhexeeya Somaliland iyo Somalia. Haddaba su’aasha ugu weyn ee hortaalla xukuumadda Muuse Biixi ayaa ah, go’aanka ay ka qaataan dalka Turkiga.

Warbixinta oo dhamaystiran: Duruufaha horyaalla Xukuumadda Kulmiye

On 13th November 2017, a presidential election will take place where over seven hundred registered citizens will vote for the man who will rule Somaliland the coming five years. Three presidential candidates representing three political parties are competing for the office of the presidency along with vice-presidential running mates. A twenty one days of campaign ended on 10 November. Each party held campaign rallies one day in all over the country. The country now enters 48 hours of calmness before the voters go to the polling stations to cast their votes.

On October 19 2017, the three candidates faced off the first presidential debate, similar debate was faced by the tree vice presidential candidates on October 20, 2017. The tree presidential candidates also met for the final and second debate on November 9, 2017. Those debates was the first ever held in Somaliland.

.. (Read the Full Report here: The Monitoring Report of the Election) ..

Generally the campaign was peaceful and there were no major incidents. Sixty international observers will be monitoring the election as well as more than six hundred domestic observers.
The involvement of clan leaders and clan politics in the campaign rallies have been more evident and publicly shown. Clan elders have been touring around the country to campaign for their respective candidates seeking clan alliances and votes based on clannism. The dominance of clan politics in the campaign diminished the role of issues that matter for the public and increased polarization and divisions.

The police stated that they arrested in Hargeisa three people who are accused of paying voter cards from the people. Buying cards have been a concern raised by people. In Sahil region, local government members held a press conference and showed above two hundred cards they collected from the voters and stated that they will use to vote for the ruling party, Kulmiye. The Election Commission has not said anything about this action which is clear violation of the law and could risk the process.

The campaign has been concluded peacefully and smoothly, despite occurrences of minor incidents including raids of offices of political parties by supporters.[1] The National Electoral Commission changed campaign rules after the public complained that nigh time outdoors campaigning causes nuisance.[2] However, the Commission decision was largely ignored and parties continued their night time show off.

The civil society held two press conferences urging the parties to stop using inflammatory and divisive statements. These came after the presidential candidates of Waddani and Kulmiye exchanged heated remarks that were seen to create tension. Circulation fake news was also another major concern during the campaign period. A fake news emanating from social media sites were later cited by mainstream media contrary to the Media Code of Conduct.[3] Nevertheless, the media including the state media were seen to respect the code of conduct.

Kalsan TV, a Somali speaking television based in London, was banned to operate in Somaliland after the Information Minister of Somaliland issued a decision revoking the operating license, accusing the television of being against the statehood of Somaliland and broadcasting false news. The decision of the Minister came after Kalsan aired a video clip showing people scuffling at a ruling party campaign rally in Las Anood, Sool region.[4]

On 10th November, the National Electoral Commission ordered the telecommunication companies to shut down social media from13th November until election results are declared.[5] The ban of social media causes outcry from international and local human rights organization who argued that the ban is contrary to the constitution and the international human rights laws. The Commission has not elaborated the grounds and legality of the blockage but stated that is done to avoid rumors and fake news.

[1] http://www.bbc.com/somali/41786871

[2] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahiLATCSQjQ&feature=share

[3] https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=youtu.be&v=Y6lPXB9RPL4&app=desktop

[4] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_BZ9nfHP80&feature=share

[5] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58k1vfuSvvw

 September 26, 2017

Hargeisa, Somaliland

Election Monitoring Office (EMO)

Center for Policy Analysis (CPA)

 

 The newsletter from the Election Monitoring Office provides a brief Information about Somaliland election related incidents. CPA was established to help the countries of Horn of Africa region to build, peace, democracy, human rights and effective governance systems where all citizens are equal. CPA is based in Hargeisa, the Capital of Republic of Somaliland.

  _______________________________________

INTRODUCTION

This is the third report on the election incidents for the last two months monitored and compiled by CPA Election Monitoring Office, with the aim to update the Government, Civil Society, and National and International Organizations on the election issues needs to be considered.

READ HERE: FULL REPORT ABOUT THE ELECTION AS PDF

Following are the necessary issues and recommendations from CPA Election Monitoring Office.

 CONCERNED INCIDENTS

September 6, a meeting between civil society organizations and the National Electoral Commission was discussed on various issues about the elections. NEC has expressed a concern that the security forces did not comply with the requirements of the National Electoral Commission during the voter card distribution also the government did not enforced sometimes the Commission’s Orders about certain issues. NEC also expressed their concern about the illegitimate campaigns of Waddani and Kulmiye Parties during the Voter Card Distribution.

Meanwhile, Kaltuun Hassan, a member of the Electoral Commission addressed to some of the civil society organizations who have involved to campaign in a particular party. The commissioner said

“… As of civil society organizations, nowadays there was no meetings or conferences that we directly discuss or challenge the Government or Political Parties, either to criticize or support them, as we have done earlier, we don’t see that now, so it’s better to rearrange that, [she asked herself] how we can reiterate it? Now, as the members from the civil society who are attending this meeting, I know some of them who are active members within the political parties, and sometimes they campaigns them, so can we represent both the Civil Society and the Political Party. We need to be neutral, and to take our role as civil society…”  [9]

September 10, The UCID party has accused both Waddani and Kulmiye parties for illegitimate campaigns in some parts of the country. The Communication Secretary of UCID Yusuf Keyse Abdullahi called the NEC to take action against the unlawful campaigns that these political parties are conducting. [8]

September 10, in a press release, The Chief of Justice Mr.  Aden Haji Ali, warned the judges no to attend or involve any activities related to the campaign, he called them to be neutral.

September 11, Somaliland Electoral Commission met with the President of Somaliland Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo, they discussed on the security, and any other election related matters. Similarly the Electoral Commission met with all the election stakeholders including the Speakers of both Houses of the Parliament, the Chief of Justice, Civil Society Organizations, and the International Organizations.  [5]

September 11, Waddani Party criticized both SONSAF and APD and accused them, for not being neutral institutions. Waddani Party called NEC that their political party will not attend any activity that both these institutions are involved including the local observers, were SONSAF is responsible for deploying the local observers.

SONSAF issued a press release, they declined the accusations from the Waddani Party, and they insisted being neutral. SONSAF reaffirms that it’s their responsibility to deploy the local observers and it’s their own duty. [10] [11]

September 11, in press release, UCID denounced to attend the launching of the election dispute resolution organized by SONSAF and NEC. UCID Party announced that they will not participate and will not recognize the role of that committee, since they were not aware of how they was established at the first place. [12]

September 12, Kulmiye Party, has launched its political party program. The President, the Candidates and other members of the Kulmiye Party attended the launching ceremony, and around tree thousand copies of the party program were distributed to the attendees. [4]

September 13, Somaliland National Electoral Commission officially announced that the Voter card distribution Process has ended. In this day the Commission presented its activities for the two months ahead of the November presidential election.

The Commission warned the Political Parties to abide by the rules and regulations of the election, they urged the Government not to use the public assists to the campaign. And the chairman of the National Electoral Commission called the government to provide equal access to the state owned media to all the candidates

The electoral commission also called the political parties to submit their presidential candidates before 29 September 2017, in accordance with the election law, providing that every Party to submit his presidential candidate before 45 days of the Election Day. [1]

September13, Waddani’s Secretary of Justice Mr. Barkhad Jama, criticized the judiciary Branch on the judges who wear the flag of the ruling party during one of kulmiye’s ralies.   He told to the media that these judges were actively campaigning to the ruling party. [2]

September 17, The Minister of Information announced that his ministry is ready to give media platform to the opposition parties during the campaign, and he will assign special reporter who will cover their events. [6]

September 18, the two opposition parties declined the minister’s decision to give a chance to the opposition parties, and told that it is their right to use the public media without the consent of the Minister. [7]

September 19, National Electoral Commission held a meeting about ‘Media Code of Ethics, during the election’. The Chairman of Somaliland Journalist Association, Representatives from the political parties, Ministry of Information and the Media Institutions attended the meeting. However, the two opposition parties of Waddani and UCID have jointly held a press conference against a technical issues related to the implementation of a Committee who are observing the Media during the election.  Until now, there are no comprehensive agreement between the parties, and the Media Code of Conduct is very important of having a free and fair election in Somaliland. [13][14]

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • National Electoral Commission held different meetings with the Civil Society, International Organizations, and Speakers of both Houses of the Parliament, The President and the Supreme Court. NEC and these institutions discussed on the election process and the challenges. Also NEC attended a Public Debate, where audiences asked direct questions about the election and the preparation. CPA is welcoming this new step that NEC is sharing the information to the public and other institutions. We see that sharing information can enhance the transparency and having a free and fair election.
  • CPA beliefs that listening and negotiations are best way to solve any complains, and can enhance the trust between institutions. CPA is calling SONSAF, APD and Waddani to put the election interest first. And SONSAF, and APD consider the complaints of Waddani Party. Also we are calling Waddani Party to accept any efforts to solve that complaints.
  • CPA is welcoming the decision of the Chief of Justice to warn the Judiciary judges and other personal not to involve in any activities of the political parties. CPA is calling also the judiciary lead by the chief of justice to take further actions to address the complaints of the Waddani party.
  • CPA is calling to the National Electoral Commission to intensify efforts to bring together all the different parties who are involved the implementation of the Media Code of Conduct. CPA believes that solving the difference between parties in a technical way is better than to face in a political perspective.

CONCLUSION

Every election complaint must be considered to get free and fair election, CPA is calling for all the election stakeholders not to ignore any election complaints, and complaints must be completed through negotiations and compromises.

Reference:

  1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AqEp8UroMAU
  2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yOHzeflpE68
  3. http://hadhwanaag.ca/detail.aspx?id=209284
  4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CPjxaO0bq2c
  5. http://somalilandtoday.com/nuxurka-kulan-qasriga-madaxtooyada-somaliland-ku-dhex-maray-madaxwayne-siilaanyo-iyo-guddiga-komishanka-qarankasawirro/
  6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSwp1t7v7wQ
  7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a53rC1m0nlo&t=139s
  8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ef93RQEir0
  9. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D53WaMkStLo
  10. http://waddani-party.org/2017/09/12/xisbiga-waddani-oo-joojiyey-wada-shaqayntii-sonsaf-adn/
  11. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dlfEeEnHNB0
  12. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktmwbkP0NKU
  13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=42VKnXYrqKQ
  14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yawcKzULMaw

About Center for Policy Analysis

 CPA was established to help the countries of Horn of Africa region to build, peace, democracy, human rights and effective governance systems where all citizens are equal. CPA is based in Hargeisa, the Capital of Republic of Somaliland.

 Address

Address: Red Sea village, I/K district, Hargeisa, Somaliland.

Email: centerforpolicy.ed@gmail.com

Web: www.centerforpolicy.net