THE BIGGEST THREAT OF SOMALILAND’s ELECTION PROCESS IS THE VIOLATION OF ELECTION RULES AND REGULATIONS

August 12, 2017

Hargeisa, Somaliland

PRODUCED BY

Election Monitoring Office (EMO)

Center for Policy Analysis (CPA)

 This newsletter from the Election Monitoring Office provides brief description of the political events that occurred in Somaliland. CPA was established to help the countries of Horn of Africa region to build, peace, democracy, human rights and effective governance systems where all citizens are equal. CPA is based in Hargeisa, the Capital of Republic of Somaliland.

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KU XAD-GUDUBKA SHURUUCDA DOORASHADU WAA HALISTA UGU WEYN EE HORTAALLA DOORASHADA SOMALILAND

August 12, 2017

Hargeisa, Somaliland

Soo Saare

Xafiiska la Socodka Arimaha Doorashooyinka (EMO)

Xarunta Darasaadka Siyaasada (CPA)

 HORDHAC

Doorashada la filayo inay Somaliland ka qabsoonto 13-ka November ayaa noqonaysa dooraashadii 6aad ee Somaliland gasho, waxaana Somaliland ay hore u soo gashay shan doorasho oo kala ah:

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Doorashadii madaxtinimada Somaliland ee wakhtiga dheer la sugayey ayaa haatan loo asteeyey inay qabsoonto 13 November 2017. Waxaana kaadhqaadashada codbixiyayaashu ay si rasmi ah uga bilaabantay Somaliland 29 April 2017. Gobollada Awdal, Saaxil iyo xeebaha gobolka Sanaag ayaa ahaa meelihii ugu horreeyey ee kaadhqaadashada laga sameeyey, taas oo ku soo dhammaatay muddo 28 maalmood ah. Wejiga labaad waxaa la bilaabay 8 July 2017, waxaana laga hirgeliyey gobollada Maroodi-jeex (Hargeisa) iyo Togdheer. Wejiga labaad ayaa si guul ah u soo dhamaaday 30 July 2017.

Wejiga saddexaad ee kaadhqaadashada ayaa la filayaa inuu si rasmi ah u bilawdo 12 August 2017, isagoo ka bilaabmaya Gobollada Sool iyo Sanaag.
Bishii March 28-keedii, waxaa guddida Doorashada ee Somaliland ay shaaciyeen natiijo hordhac ah oo ku saabsan tirada dadka iska diiwaangeliyey gobollada Somaliland.

Gobolka Maroodijeex: 312, 634 Qof
Gobolka Saaxil: 78,842 Qof.
Gobolka Togdheer: 178,506 Qof.
Gobolka Sool: 71,096 Qof.
Gobolka Sanaag: 85,222 Qof.
Gobolka Awdal: 147,031 Qof.
Wadarta guud : 873,331

Hase ahaatee tirada rasmiga ah ayaa guddida Doorashada ee Somaliland ay ku dhawaaqayaan marka la soo afjaro qaybinta kaadhadhka codbixinta ee haatan socota. Xilliga rasmiyan loo filayo inay kaadhqaybintu ay soo afjaranto ayaa ah bisha 8 September 2017.

Saddexda Xisbi ayaa laga rabaa inay gudbiyaan liista rasmiga ah ee musharaxiintooda u tartamaya jagada madaxweynaha iyo ku xigeenka ka hor inta aan si rasmi ah loo bilaabin ololaha doorashada.
Kulmiye waxay qabsadeen shirkoodii golaha dhexe iyaga oo u doortay Muuse Biixi Cabdi inuu noqdo musharaxa jagada Madaxweyne halka Cabdiraxmaan Ismaaciil Saylici uu isaguna noqonaya musharaxa madaxweyne ku xigeenka. Xisbiga Waddani ayaa u doortay Cabdiraxmaan Maxamed Cabdullaahi inuu noqdo musharaxa madaxweynaha iyaga oo ku xigeenkana u doortay Maxamed Cali. Xisbiga UCID ayaa isagu musharaxa u doortay Faysal Cali Waraabe hase ahaatee illaa haatan xisbigaasi kumuu dhawaaqin musharaxa madaxweyne ku xigeenka.

DHACDOOYINKA WERWERKA LEH EE DHACAY.

Hawlgalkii kaadhqaybintu wuxuu u dhacay hab nabdoon, inkasta oo mararka qaar ay soo baxeen warar sheegaya in kaadhadh codbixin la iibsaday, taas oo laga soo sheegay meelo ku yaalla Saylac iyo meelo kale. Sidoo kalena ay dhacday in Guddida Doorashada ee Somaliland iyo Guddida anshaxuba ay soo saareen digniin ay u jeediyeen xisbiyada qaar oo baalmaray xeerkii anshaxa, isla markaana mid ka mida xisbiyada mucaaradka ahi uu ka cawday marar kala duwan in dhibaatooyin loo geystay. Haddaba halkan waxaan idiinku soo gudbinaynaa qaar ka mida dhacdooyinka ay diiwaangelisay Xarunta CPA, inkasta oo ay jiri karaan dhacdooyin kale oo aan soo gelin warqabadka CPA.

1. Xisbiga Waddani wuxuu u sheegay warbaahinta gobolka Gabiley, in xukuumaddu ka hor-istaagtay xafiis uu ka kiraystay Gabiley. Masuuliyiinta Waddani ee gobolkaas oo ku hor hadlay guriga ayaa eedaynta dusha uga tuuray xukuumadda, Hase ahaatee Wasiiru-dawlaha Amniga Maxamed Muuse Diiriye ayaa waxba kama jiraan ku tilmaamay eeddaas. [1]

2. 17 July 2017, Guddida Anshaxa ee Doorashooyinka Somaliland oo shir jaraa’id ku qabtay xarunta Guddida Doorashada ayaa ku eedeeyey xisbiyada Waddani iyo Kulmiye inay sameeyeen olole aan sharci ahayn intii ay socotay kaadh qaybinta gobollada Togdheer iyo Hargeisa. Guddida Doorashada ayaa sheegay in ololayaashaasi ay ahaayeen kuwo sharciga baalmarsan oo meel ka dhac ku an xeerka anshaxa ee ay saxeexeen. [2]

3. 20 July 2017, Guddida Doorashada ee Somaliland oo shir jaraa’id qabtay ayaa ganaax ku soo rogay xisbiyada Kulmiye iyo Waddani oo ay ku eedeeyeen inay ku xadgudbeen Xeerkii anshaxa, isla markaana ay sameeyeen ololayaal intii ay socotay kaadhqaybinta gobollada Togdheer iyo Hargeisa. Siddoo kale Guddida ayaa cabashooyin ka helay Xisbiga UCID. Guddida Doorashada ayaa ku ammaanay xisbiga UCID inay u hoggaansameen xeerkii anshaxa ee ay saxeexeen. [3]

4. 20 July 2017, Guddoomiyaha Xisbiga Waddani Cabdiraxmaan Cirro ayaa sheegay in illaa 20 xubnood oo xisbigiisa ah inay xidhay xukuumaddu muddo toban maalmood ah, wuxuuna xukuumadda ku eedeeyey inay cadaadis ku hayaan isla markaana ay xukuumaddu xidhay xafiisyo kala duwan oo ay leeyihiin. Cirro ayaa sheegay inay mudaharaad samayn doonaan haddii aan dawladdu joojin cago juglaynta. [4]

5. 22 July 2017, Xisbiga Kulmiye ayaa warbaahinta u soo bandhigay in waxyeello loo geystay xafiis ay ku lahaayeen xaafadda New Hargeisa, waxayna ku eedeeyeen Xisbiga Waddani. Warbaahinta waxaa la hadlay Guddoomiyaha Degmada Gacan-libaax ee Xisbiga Kulmiye Axmed Yonis Aadan. [5]

6. Taageerayaasha Xisbiyada Waddani iyo Kulmiye ayaa warbaahinta bulshada isku dhaafsaday ereyo laga dheehan karo nacayb isla markaana iska fidiyey dacaayado kala duwan.

7. Siyaasiyiin kala duwan ayaa isticmaashay ereyo qabyaaladeed, taas oo keenaysa kala qaybinta reeraha, haddii ay sii faaftona saamayn ku yeelanaysa wadajirka umadda.

8. 23 July 2017, Goor habeenimo ah waxaa ka dhacay gobolka Gabilay, mudaharaad, sida ay sheegeen masuuliyiinta Gabiley, isu-soo baxaas waxaa dadka ka qaybgalay ay ku dhawaaqayeen ereyo ay uga soo horjeedaan musharaxa Xisbiga Kulmiye. Wasiiru-dawlaha Amniga Maxamed Muuse Diiriye ayaa u sheegay telefiishanka Star in xisbiga Waddani uu ka dambeeyey, wuxuuna sheegay inay xabsiga dhigeen shakhsiyaad arrintan lala xidhiidhinayo. [6]

TALO-SOO JEEDIN

1. Si loo qabto doorasho xor ah, xalaal ah isla markaana u dhacda si nabdoon, waa in dhammaan dhinacyada ay khusayso doorashadani ay ka wada shaqeeyaan caqabadaha taagan ee wax u dhimi kara qabsoomida doorashada.

2. Xukuumadda, Xisbiyada iyo Guddida Doorashadu waa inay wada shaqeeyaan, isla markaana xogta wadaagaan si wada jirana u xalliyaan dhibaatooyinka hadba soo baxaya.

3. Guddida Doorashadu waa inuu dadweynaha la wadaagaa xogta iyo macluumaadka si ay kor ugu kacdo daah-furnaantooda shaqo.

4. Xisbiyada Siyaasaddu waa inay joojiyaan ku ololaynta qabyaaladda, taas oo bulshada qaybinaysa isla markaana keenaysa xiisado halis ku noqon kara ammaanka iyo doorashadaba.

5. Hannaan wacyigelinta dadweynaha ee doorashada ee haatan waa in dib loo eegaa, laguna saleeyaa hab waxtar u yeelan kara hawlaha doorashada, isla markaana fariimaha gaadhsiin kara codbixiyayaasha oo ay ku jiraan dadka ku nool gobaha miyiga ah.

6. Ururada bulshada rayidka ahi waa inay doorkooda ka qaataan sidii hannaanka doorashadu ugu socon lahaa habka ugu wanaagsan.

7. Waxaa sii kordhaya walaaca ku aaddan adeegsiga wararka been abuurka ah, oo halis gelin kara habsami u socodka doorashada. Dhinacyada ay arrintani khusayso waxaa looga baahan yahay inay la yimaaddaan qorshe arrintaas looga hortegayo ama ugu yaraan kor loo qaadyo wacyiga dadka ee ku aaddan inay rumaystaan wararka been abuurka ah ee soo badanaya, ka hor intaanay abuurin xiisad.

8. Saddexda Xisbi Qaran waxaan si gaar ah ugu baaqaynaa inay la yimaaddaan is-xakamayn, isla markaana ay muujiyaan dulqaad, xilna iska saaraan amniga guud ee qaranka si doorashadu u noqoto mid ka tarjunta rabitaanka rasmiga ah ee dadweynaha.

Ku Saabsan Xarunta Daraasaadka Siyaasadda ee CPA

Xarunta CPA waxaa loo aasaasay inay dalalka Geeska Afrika ka caawiso dib u dhiska, nabadaynta, dimoqraadiyadda, Xuquuqda Aadanaha iyo weliba in muwaadiniintu helaan xuquuq ay u siman yihiin. Xarunta CPA waa magaalada Hargeisa ee xarunta Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland.

Lifaaqa

1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aKeIyw6WfpE&t=168s
2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySytqKbvoSc
3. https://www.slnec.com/…/daawo-war-saxaafadeed-kdq-soo-saar…/
4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=enT3ziRMKuM
5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZU36iBhgUgE
6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wYZUX35aP5Q

LIFAAQA WARBIXINTA OO U SAMAYSAN PDF: WARBIXINTA DOORASHADA

Background

The long awaited presidential election in Somaliland is scheduled on 13th November 2017. The voter cards distribution started on 29th April 2017. To provide voters cards to the registered citizens, the electoral body started the first phase of distributing voter cards at Awdal, Sahil and the coastal districts of Sanaag. The second phase commenced on 8th July from Maroodijeeh (Hargeisa) and Togdheer. The third and final phase will start on 12th August 2017 in Sool and Sanaag. According to the Electoral Commission, the final list of registered voters who received their cards will be published after the final phase is concluded on 8th September.

On 28th March 2017, the National Electoral Commission released a preliminary results of the registered voters. these are the results of all regions.

Maroodijeeh Region (Hargeisa): 312, 634
Saahil Region: 78,842
Togdheer Region: 178,506
Sool Region: 71,096
Sanaag Region : 85,222
Awdal Region: 147,031
Total Registered Voters: 873,331

After September 8th, when the third phase finish, the National Electoral Commission will release the official results of the registered voters who are eligible to vote, at the upcoming presidential elections.

The three political parties are required to officially submit the list of their respective presidential and vice-presidential contenders before the official campaigning starts. Kulmiye held its Central Committee meeting and selected Muse Behi Abdi as the presidential candidate and Abdirahman Sayli, the current vice-president, as his running mate. Waddani chooses Abdirahman Mohamed Abdilahi and Mohamed Ali as the presidential and vice-presidential contenders respectively. The third party, Justice and Welfare Party has selected only the presidential candidate, Faisal Ali Warabe, but not his vice-presidential running mate.

WORRYING INCIDENTS

The voter cards distribution is moving peacefully. There have been reports of people buying voter cards from the people in Saylac District of Awdal. The Electoral Commission and the Monitoring Committee issued warnings against two of the three political parties, and one of the opposition parties complained about campaigning during second phase. Here is the list of incidents documented by the Center for Policy Analysis:

1. Waddani, an opposition party, told the media that the government has prevented them opening an office in Gabiley, west of Hargeisa. Waddani leaders in Gabiley, hold a press conference infront of a house they rented. State Minister of Interior dismissed the allegations of Waddani Party. [1]

2. On 17th July 2017, the Monitoring Committee of the National Electoral Commission accused Waddani and Kulmiye of campaigning during the voter cards distribution at Hargeisa and Togdheer regions. The Committee said such campaigns are prohibited and are in violation of the Code of Conduct signed by the parties. [2]

3. On 20th July 2017, the National Electoral Commission imposed penalties on Kulmiye and Waddani for violating the Code of Conduct and campaigning during the voter cards distribution exercise in Hargeisa and Togdheer. The Commission said they received complaint on that matter from the Justice and Welfare Party, an opposition party. Somaliland National Electoral Commission Praised UCID Party, that they followed the Ethical Codes of the Elections. [3]

4. On 20th July 2017, Abdirahman Mohamed Abdilahi “Irro” the presidential candidate of Waddani claimed that 20 members of his party have been arrested by the government in last ten days in different places. He complained that the government is oppressing his party and closing down offices. Irro said his party will demonstrate if the government does not stop the “intimidations”. [4]

5. On 22nd July 2017, Kulmiye, the ruling party, told the media that its office in east of Hargeisa has been damaged by people who stoned the building. Kulmiye’s Chairman of Gacan-libax District Ahmed Yonis Aadan claimed that Waddani was behind the incident. [5]

6. The supporters of Waddani and Kulmiye exchange heated and inflammatory remarks at the social media.

7. Politicians are using clan divisions which is further polarizing the society.

8. On July 23, there was a demonstration in Gabiley, where the people who attended the demonstration were shouting slogans against the Kulmiye Presidential Candidate. Ministry of Interior accused Waddani Party was behind the demonstration. State Minister told Star Tv that security forces arrested several people linked to the protest. [6]

RECOMMENDATIONS

1. To hold a smooth, peaceful, and free and fair election, all the stakeholders shall cooperate to solve the challenges and conclude the pending activities;

2. The government, the political parties and, the National Electoral Commission shall work together, share information and solve problems amicably;

3. The Electoral Commission should share information with the public to increase transparency;

4. The political parties should stop using clan narratives to divide the public and create tension;

5. The current voter education awareness shall be reviewed and shall be based on effective means and manners that can reach all the voters including those who live in the rural areas;

6. The civil society organizations should play their role in the process of voter card distribution and awareness.

7. There are increasing Fake News activities in Somaliland Social Media, if not prevented, those fake news can cause distrust between the parties and create tensions. So, all stakeholders must come up, a plan to increase the awareness against the Fake News.

8. We are calling the political parties to restrain and respect the code of conduct, show tolerance and patience, when it comes the national Interest and the peace of the state.

About Center for Policy Analysis

CPA was established to help the countries of Horn of Africa region to build, peace, democracy, human rights and effective governance systems where all citizens are equal. CPA is based in Hargeisa, the Capital of Republic of Somaliland.

LINKS:

1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aKeIyw6WfpE&t=168s
2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySytqKbvoSc
3. https://www.slnec.com/2017/07/20/daawo-war-saxaafadeed-kdq-soo-saareen-20072017/
4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=enT3ziRMKuM
5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZU36iBhgUgE
6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wYZUX35aP5Q

PLEASE FIND PDF VERSION: BREIFING PAPER ON ELECTIONS

SUMMARY

Twenty five years of independence and 15 years of democracy, Somaliland is widely praised for its dynamic nascent democracy in a troubled and turbulent region which the international news report terrorism, piracy, anarchy and dictatorship. With the apparent success and maintenance of peace and stability, flaws lie in the hybrid democratic system envisaged to help the people to reach their potentials in a free and open society where democracy and human rights are the core guiding principles.

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